Atomic force microscopy is arguably the most versatile and
powerful microscopy technology for studying samples at
It is versatile because an atomic force microscope can not only image in three-dimensional topography, but it also provides various types of surface measurements to the needs of scientists and engineers.
It is powerful because an AFM can generate images at atomic resolution with angstrom scale resolution height information, with minimum sample preparation.
So, how does an AFM work? In this page, we introduce you to the principles of an AFM with an easy to understand video animations.